Difference Between Persian and Oriental Rugs

oriental and persian rugs

Occasionally people get the phrases “Persian Rug” and “Oriental Rug” mixed up, which is a mistake. “Oriental Rug” refers to any kind of hand-knotted Asian rug. While Persian rugs are a kind of oriental rug, they are more often referred to by their name owing to their widespread appeal, the distinctive Knot utilized in their creation, and the distinct area from whence they originated. Here Rugs and Carpets are going to describe to you the difference between these both Persian and Oriental rugs.

What Elements Combine to Form an Oriental Rug?

Most oriental rugs are hand-knotted Asian. China quickly became a major oriental rug provider after starting international trade. Despite China’s long history of rug manufacture, the world has only lately discovered its rugs. Based on this discovery, Chinese oriental rugs were made faster and cheaper, enabling their global dissemination.

Every Oriental Rug Is Handmade on a Loom

The intricate patterns are achieved by deftly knotting individual strands of yarn into the fabric during the weaving process. The oriental knots are formed by turkey rugs specialists and are famous worldwide for their beautiful designs.

Handwoven Rugs Are Renowned Despite Machine Made

Even though contemporary technology has significantly industrialized the process of creating and dyeing the yarn with machines, still all authentic Oriental and Persian rugs are woven and knotted by hand. This is the case even if the procedure involves weaving and knotting. The preferable option to the people is handmade. Each rug is unique and requires several hours of labor to create.

How Rugs are Made of, and Which Fabric Is Preferred?

Motifs and signs on oriental rugs often carry interpretations tied to the cultures that created the rugs. Common themes include animals, landscapes, geometric patterns, and floral designs. Oriental rugs may have a three-dimensional appearance because of clashing colors and textures.

What Exactly Is a Rug That Is Made in Persia?

Origin of Persian Rugs

We call the rugs woven in Iran and other parts of modern-day Persia Persian Rugs. Persian rugs and other hand-knotted works of art have helped propel the country to international prominence. They provide rugs of exceptional quality that are both long-lasting and resilient. Iranian designers may use a great number of knots in the process of creating elaborate patterns. The rugs have been created creatively and exactly. These rugs have had a significant value throughout the beginning of recorded history. These carpets travel from grandfather to son and son to son, so you can use them from generation to generation due to the durability of these rugs.

oriental rug

Origin of Oriental Rugs 

Central Asia, an area that was once known as The Orient, is where oriental rugs got their start. This area encompasses China, Afghanistan, Nepal, Pakistan, Iran, and Russia, and India is also a part of this region.

Because of this, unlike Dhurrie Rugs, a rug woven in any one of these nations may be classified as an oriental rug. 

The Persian Empire is credited with being the birthplace of the Persian rug, which has a history stretching back millennia. 

Even though it is possible to demonstrate that the boundaries of the Persian Empire shifted over time, there has yet to be a consensus over when these adjustments took place. 

Iranian Carpets Have Several Peculiarities

There are many allusions to Iran in contemporary Persian area rugs. The most important contrast between Persian rugs and other types of Oriental rugs is found in their designs. 

The following is a list of the four basic designs that could be seen on a standard Persian rug: all-over, compartment, center medallion, or one-sided pattern. 

  1. Most designs are symmetrical or give the impression of being symmetrical
  2. Warm tones are often used in the design of Persian rugs
  3. The animal’s wool has been colored with sage, golden yellow, scarlet, ivory, and indigo 
  4. Patterns seen in Persian rugs are often found in Oriental rugs, but with a unique twist
  5. Traditional Persian rugs often have straighter lines
  6. These rugs sometimes incorporate flower and animal themes with greater curves
  7. In addition, they have an agricultural landscape, lakes, and woods, as well as hilly terrain
  8. Many oriental rugs have sculpted motifs woven into them, using contrasting colors to provide dimension to the woven patterns
  9. It is possible to get a three-dimensional appearance in the field by removing elements such as flowers, trees, and clouds

Also Read: How to Calculate Carpet Area

What Characteristics Distinguish Persian Rugs From Oriental Rugs?

Sometimes you cannot define the rug’s difference, especially between oriental and Persian carpets.

  1. The natural wool fibers, historically significant and elaborate patterns, skillful craftsmanship, and long-lasting nature of these rugs contribute to their widespread popularity
  2. The value of antique and ancient carpets continues to rise over time. In addition to that, each kind of rug is created by hand
  3. Because of this, they are a treasure that will continue to bring joy and sophistication to your house for many years.

What Kinds of Fabric Are Used to Construct Persian Rugs?


Silk made by caterpillars is used by certain painters. 

Bamboo Silk

Bamboo silk is produced from the bamboo plant. Bamboo silk is an alternative for those who oppose the terrible treatment of animals, and bamboo silk delivers identical benefits. 

Sheep Wool

Sheep have their fleeces shorn of their wool once a year.

Synthetic Artificial Material

Synthetic materials are never used to produce authentic Persian rugs, and not authentic. A synthetic material such as jute, acrylic, nylon, viscose, polypropylene, or any other synthetic is used to manufacture a Persian rug.

What Kinds of Materials Are Used to Construct Oriental Rugs?

Oriental rugs are made using high-quality materials throughout the manufacturing process and use those same materials during crafting. 

Wool or silk are the traditional materials used to produce oriental rugs. In addition to that, it is crafted using methods that include hand-knotting.

Final Words

Persian Oriental or Turkish rugs are made using various techniques and look extremely different. Ensure you do homework on rug types and their typical applications before purchasing.

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